【8分学长】见招拆招系列2 雅思口语喜好类问题

2019-12-09 11:17:07来源:新东方在线 雅思教学教研组

  雅思口语见招拆招系列

  如何回答喜好类问题

  8分学长 雅思教学教研组

  表白的时候除了说I love you/ I like you…还有什么别的表达吗?当然有啦!今天学长会教大家很多喜欢和不喜欢的表达方式,用来搞定雅思口语中喜好类问题。

  我们先来看下常见的喜好问题的分类,之后学长给大家详细讲解一下如何用不同的方式表达喜好以及prefer的正确用法,最后教大家回答喜好类问题的方法~

  雅思口语常见喜好类问题分类

  1. Do you like…?

  Do you like cooking?

  Do you like wearing sunglasses?

  Do you like drink coffee?

  2. Are you interested in…?

  Are you interested in reading books?

  Are you interested in taking photographs?

  Are you interested in using perfumes?

  3. Do you prefer…?

  Do you prefer hot or cold weather?

  Do you prefer tea or coffee?

  Do you prefer to watch films in a cinema or at home?

  如何表示喜好及prefer的用法

  一:表示喜欢

  1. 形容词/介词词组

  be into

  be fond of

  be keen on

  be passionate about

  be crazy about

  大家注意,这些词组后面的介词都是不同的,比如be fond of,be keen on等,需要重点记忆。那么这些词组常见的用法有哪些呢?

  (1) 直接加something

  eg: I am fond of perfumes.

  I am keen on concerts.

  I am really into pop music.

  I am passionate about football.

  I am crazy about opera.

  (2) 加doing something

  eg: I am fond of reading novels.

  I am keen on travelling to different countries.

  I am really into playing basketball.

  I am passionate about collecting stamps.

  I am crazy about buying shoes.

  这里学长再教大家两个高级词组,如果表示特别的喜欢,可以用be fascinated by sth.(着迷,陶醉于某事)/ be enchanted with sth.(被某事迷住)。例句参考:People are fascinated by her performance. / I am enchanted with the euphonious(悦耳的)music.

  2. 动词/名词词组

  enjoy sth. / doing sth.

  a big fan of sth.

  eg: I enjoy cooking.

  I enjoy the party.

  I am a big fan of basketball.

  二:表示不喜欢

  be not so keen on…

  be not a big fan of…

  can’t stand sth. / doing sth.

  dislike sth. / doing sth.

  hate sth. / doing sth.

  detest sth. / doing sth.(厌恶,憎恨某事)

  doing sth. / sth. is not my kind of thing.

  eg: I am not so keen on wearing sunglasses.

  I am not a big fan of jazz.

  I can’t stand watching documentaries.

  I dislike waiting for anything.

  I hate horror movies.

  I detest being alone.

  Coffee is not my kind of thing.

  大家要注意hate和detest这两个单词,表示程度很深的讨厌和憎恨,在口语中要小心使用哦。

  三:表示无所谓,不介意

  I don’t mind doing sth.

  I can take it or leave it.

  eg: I don’t mind wearing perfumes.

  大家在表达喜好的时候,往往忽略了如何表达中间的一种状态,没那么喜欢也没那么不喜欢,这时候可以用以上的两种表达。比如考官问你:Do you like wearing sunglasses? 如果大家觉得没有特别的喜欢和不喜欢,可以说Well, I can take it or leave it.

  四:prefer的用法

  大家在回答Do you prefer…类的问题是,难免会用到I prefer…,让我们来学习下prefer的常见用法。

  (1) prefer+名词 可以是某人或者某物 更喜欢某人或某物

  eg: Actually, I prefer tea.

  (2) prefer A to B 相比较B来说更喜欢A

  eg: Actually, I prefer tea to coffee.

  (3) prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事

  eg: Actually, I prefer drinking tea.

  (4) prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 相比做某事来说更喜欢做某事 注意:相比做后面那件事来说更喜欢做前面那件事

  eg: Actually, I prefer drinking tea to drinking coffee.

  (5) prefer to do A rather than do B 宁可做A也不做B / 喜欢做A……而不做B……

  大家要注意,语法结构上来看,两边的结构都是一致的,都是不定式,但是习惯上把后面的to省略。所以加动名词形式doing sth.的表达是不规范的。不存在prefer to do sth. rather than doing sth.这个句式。

  eg: I prefer to swim rather than skate.

  雅思口语喜好类题目回答范例:

  Q: Do you like cooking?

  A: Definitely! I am a big fan of cooking. I have learned how to cook since I was only 10 years old and it has brought me great sense of achievement. Plus, I find the whole cooking process therapeutic.

  这个回答首先点明我很喜欢做饭(I am a big fan of cooking.)然后给予具体说明,我10岁的时候就学会了怎么做饭而且它给我带来了很多的成就感;最后再给一个附加理由:我觉得做饭的过程很治愈,therapeutic是形容词,表示很治愈的。

  Q: Do you like wearing perfume?

  A: Definitely not. I can’t stand perfume because my nose is very sensitive to fragrances. For example, every time I smell perfume, especially if it’s a strong one, I get headaches and a runny nose immediately.

  这个回答首先点明我不喜欢用香水(I can’t stand perfume at);然后给出具体原因,因为我的鼻子对香味很敏感,be sensitive to…表示对…很敏感;最后举一个例子,如果我闻到很浓的香水,我马上就会头疼,流鼻涕;I have a runny rose表示我一直流鼻涕。

  Q:Do you prefer to watch films in a cinema or at home?

  A:Actually, I prefer watching movies at home. With the introduction of Internet, smart TVs, and satellite channels, I can have a great movie viewing experience at home. Plus, watching movies at home is far more convenient and less expensive than watching movies in a cinema.

  这个回答首先点明我更喜欢在家看电影(I prefer watching movies at home);然后给出原因:随着互联网,智能电视,卫星频道的引入,在家里也能有很好的观影体验。最后一句话再给一个附加理由:在家看电影更方便,而且没那么贵。

  以上内容希望对同学们备考雅思有帮助,下一期我们会见招拆招雅思口语时态类题目,再会~


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