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雅思写作task2高分范文:导致城乡差距的因素

2021-06-08 14:33:59来源:网络综合整理 柯林斯词典

  雅思写作题目涉及范围很广但是又很贴近生活。今天新东方在线雅思为大家整理了雅思写作task2关于导致城乡差距因素的高分范文,来看看吧。

  写作题目:Some people think a rise in standard of living in a country only seems to benefit cities more than rural areas. What problems may those differences cause? How to reduce this problem?

  写作题目讲解:

  题型:报告

  类别:社会发展

  题目解释:城市和乡村地区的生活水平发展不均;问可能导致的问题 和 解决方案

  开头段:由于本题是报告类,因次开头段只要引出话题并告诉考官将讨论problems and solutions 即可。

  写作范文:

  Differences, on the bright side, enrich the variety of the world. However, differences, in this case originated from policy partiality and regional imbalance, are discouraging: only urban areas are blessed with living standard improvements. In contrast, less developed areas suffer from such problems as an influx of population, weakening agriculture, and less care for the young and old.

  差异,从好的一面,丰富了世界的多样性。然而,这种源于政策偏向和区域不平衡的差异令人沮丧:只有城市地区才能改善生活水平。相比之下,欠发达地区遭受诸如人口流入、农业减弱、对年轻人和老年人的照顾不足等问题。

  To begin with, problems loom large when a huge rural population migrates into cities. The sudden increase of city dwellers instantly translates into congested traffic, job competition, a rise in daily expenditure, and more polluted environment. To decrease the burden of cities, higher entrance standards are to be set so that unreasonable migration can be curbed to some degree, for example increasing property price and raising job qualifications.

  首先,当一个庞大的农村人口迁移到城市时,问题就大起来了。城市居民的突然增加立即转化为交通拥挤、就业竞争、日常开支的增加和环境的更多污染。为了减轻城市负担,应制定更高的入境标准,以便在一定程度上抑制不合理的移民,例如提高物价和提高就业资格。

  Subsequently, with population, labor force in particular, staying in cities, agriculture suffers. Farming is still a generally labor-intensive industry in the world. Thus, less labor force means agricultural instability, and national instability in the bigger picture. With lurking food shortage, governments are compelled to enact favorable policies towards agricultural production as in subsidies in produce price and investment in modern farming technologies.

  随后,随着人口、劳动力尤其是城市的滞留,农业受到了影响。农业仍然是世界上劳动密集型的产业。因此,劳动力减少意味着农业不稳定,更大程度上意味着国家不稳定。由于潜在的粮食短缺,政府被迫对农业生产实行优惠政策,如对农产品价格的补贴和对现代农业技术的投资。

  Moreover, when farming lands are abandoned, family members are left behind. It is not likely for migrating rural citizens to bring to cities their less socially competitive family members, i.e. the elderly and the young. With a huge age difference present, either the old or the young can barely take care of the other. In this case, governments will have to step in again to set up nurseries, schools, and retirement homes to accommodate the less-cared-for rural population.

  此外,当农地被抛弃时,家庭成员被遗弃。移居农村的公民不太可能把社会竞争力较弱的家庭成员,即老人和年轻人带到城市。由于年龄的巨大差异,无论是老人还是年轻人都不能照顾对方。在这种情况下,政府将不得不再次介入,建立托儿所、学校和养老院,以容纳那些没有得到照顾的农村人口。

  In sum, negative situations resulted in regional differences are about waning agriculture, less care for children and senior citizens, and common urbanization-related problems. Governmental control and adjustments, with policy and/or investment, are the cure.

  总而言之,造成地区差异的负面情况是农业衰退,儿童和老年人较少得到照顾,以及常见的城市化相关问题。政府的控制和调整,包括政策和/或投资,是治本之策。

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