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8月14日雅思大作文范文:发展中国家为什么着力发展旅游业

2021-08-27 20:30:10来源:新东方在线雅思 柯林斯词典

2021年8月14日雅思写作考试已经结束,小编搜集整理了本次雅思大作文的题目及范文:发展中国家为什么着力发展旅游业,各位考鸭们快来看看吧。

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries. Why is this the case? Is it a positive or negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

【话题分类】

社会类

【题目解析】

题目大意:很多发展中国家正在发展旅游业的原因?讨论是否是积极的发展?

题型特点:说明文和议论文结合的复合类题型,两个问题都需要给出回答,注意结合题目内容给出观点并提出针对性的理由,两个问题之间也可以构造逻辑关联。

本文论文推进:开头段引入话题,即发展中国家发展旅游业的现象。主体段首先陈述该现象的主要原因,从经济收益和文化传播两个角度讨论,而后提出尽管存在好处,但是总体而言是不利的发展趋势,考虑到过度依赖旅游产业带来的问题。结尾段总结主要观点。

【难点】注意题目讨论的对象是发展中国家,文章总体写作内容都应该围绕这类国家的特征和需求出发。

【写作思路】

开头段:如今,旅游业正在吸引来自全世界的关注,尤其是发展中国家,他们认为旅游业能够有效促进当地经济和文化传播。这篇文章会首先讨论这个现象的原因,而后分析对于发展中国家的负面影响。

原因段:这个现象背后的原因比较多,其中最关键的是考虑对当地经济和文化的作用。一方面,发展中国家的管理者试图通过发展旅游业来促进当地经济。大多数的欠发达地区缺少突出性的盈利产业,因为这些需要长期的投资和坚实的经济基础,对比而言,考虑到相对较低的门槛,发展旅游业是对于有效促进经济发展来说更明智的决定,不管是直接地通过游客的消费行为,还是间接地通过增加当地居民的经济活动。另一方面,发展中国家可以利用迅速发展的旅游业来传播当地文化和促进文化交流。因为大多数发展中国家很难拥有话语权,他们的独特文化很容易被忽视,旅游业提供了本土国家一个机会去展示魅力,获得游客欣赏和理解,进而实现传播文化的目的。

影响段:尽管在发展中国家,旅游业的繁荣可以带来对于当地经济和文化传播的切实好处,但是它对于本土国家的长远发展的负面影响不容忽视。旅游业带来的收益一般是不稳定的,因为它很大程度依赖于外界因素,比如国际社会的政治经济形势,这意味着如果发展中国家过度依赖旅游业而不分配足够资源给到其他基础性的产业中,经济危机会很容易出现。

结尾段:总的来说,发展中国家政府发展旅游业是出于经济发展和文化传播的考虑,他们应该采取一定措施来避免由于过度依赖旅游业而产生的潜在风险。

【参考范文】

Nowadays, the tourist industry has been attracting attention from all over the world, especially developing countries, which regard tourism as an effective contributor to both local economy and cultural transmission. This essay will initially discuss the causes of this phenomenon in detail, followed by the analysis of its potential negative influences on the developing countries.

The reasons behind the phenomenon are multiple, among which the consideration of domestic economy and culture is the key factor. For one thing, governors in developing countries attempt to seize the chance of boosting local economy through promoting tourist industries. The majority of under-developed areas are deficient in prominent profitable industries which actually require the long-term investment and the solid economic foundation. By contrast, considering the relatively lower threshold, expanding tourist industries is a sensible decision to effectively achieve rapid economic growth, be it directly through the consumption behavior from visitors, or indirectly through the overall increasing economic activities brought by more employment opportunities for local residents. For another, it is the booming tourist industries that authorities in developing countries can take advantage of to spread local culture and promote cultural communication. Since most of the developing countries can hardly have voices and therefore their unique cultures are always ignored, tourism provides a platform for the hosts to exhibit the charm and gain understanding and appreciation from visitors, achieving the aim of spreading the culture throughout the world.

Although the prosperity of tourist industries in developing countries can definitely bring about tangible benefits for local economy and cultural transmission, its negative impact on the long-term development of host countries cannot be ignored. Revenues from tourism are not likely to be stable and consistent because they heavily rely on external factors, such as the financial and political conditions of international community, which means financial crisis can easily take place if developing countries overly lean on tourist industries without allocating sufficient resources to other fundamental industries.

In conclusion, governments in developing countries expand tourist industries out of consideration for economic development and cultural diffusion, and they should take measures to avoid potential risks caused by over-dependence on tourism.

(351 words)

【语言积累】

1.contributor (n.) 贡献者

2.transmission (n.) 传播

3.phenomenon (n.) 现象

4.potential (adj.) 潜在的

5.domestic (adj.) 国内的

6.governor (n.) 管理者

7.boost (v.) 促进

8.deficient (adj.) 不足的

9.prominent (adj.) 突出的

10.foundation (n.) 基础

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