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雅思大作文范文:塑料垃圾对城市乡村和海洋造成的问题

2022-05-05 10:17:00来源:新东方在线雅思 柯林斯词典

新东方在线雅思为同学们整理了雅思大作文范文之塑料垃圾对城市乡村和海洋造成的问题,供考生参考学习。

雅思大作文题目:

More and more plastic waste is polluting the world’s city, countryside and ocean. What problems will it cause? What measures should be taken to solve these problems?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

【题目解析】:

这是一道非常典型的“问题-措施”类报告题目,题目简单翻译为:越来越多的塑料在世界城市、乡村和海洋中造成污染。塑料垃圾造成的问题是什么?应该采取什么措施来解决它?

在报告类文章中,出现比较多的是“原因-措施”类,而这个题目在第一问中问的是塑料垃圾造成的问题,许多同学由于写“原因-措施”类习惯了,把这个题目写跑题了。

本题中涉及到的主题是塑料污染问题,而塑料污染不仅对环境会有很大的破坏,同时对于人类的健康也有着非常消极的影响,所以我们可以着重从环境+健康两个方面来描述它的问题;在说明文中写解决方案时,通常我们会考虑政府,公司,学校,家庭,个人等,但对于本题中的塑料污染问题,以政府为主撰写解决方案更符合题意。

【写作思路】:

开头段:改写题目+个人立场

主体第一段:塑料污染问题对环境和人的健康所造成的不良影响。

主体第二段:如何解决塑料污染问题——政府提高人们的意识并改变消费行为;政府制定相应政策给塑料袋加税和提出回收方案。

结尾段:重申个人观点+主体段第一段和第二段分论点总结

【参考范文】

Plastics are widely available around the world and cause many severe environmental consequences due to the resistance to biodegradation. However, plastic pollution will be further aggravated with the rapid population and urbanization. The government can help decrease plastic production by educating the public and promoting efficient policies.

Plastics have deleterious effects on the ecosystem and human health. It is known that plastic is nonbiodegradable and pollute the environment for a long period of time, causing soil erosion and entangling marine animals. A number of birds and fish suffocate to death because of consuming plastic debris blocking their digestive tract. Besides, scientists reveal striking evidence that the application and exposure to plastics could cause cancers and other serious diseases. When plastics enter the human food chain, the released toxic pollutants and chemicals can accumulate up in our body through ingestion.

Thus, the governments and colossal organizations need to interfere in the fight against plastic pollution. One possible solution lies in raising public awareness and altering consumer behaviour. This can be illustrated by replacing plastic bags with reusable ones, which will lead to more actions on other unnecessary plastic products in the future. Another sustainable solution to tackle this problem would be to put taxes on plastic packaging and implement tough legislative proposals on recycling. As a result, the manufactures would take back the plastic and reuse it in a circular, posing less threat to the environment.

In conclusion, with the growing concern about the negative impacts of plastics on the environment and human health, people should carefully dispose of their plastic waste. Meanwhile, the government should adopt responding policies to reduce the negative impacts of plastic pollution.

(Word Counts: 276)

【亮点词汇及短语】

1.resistance n. 抵抗;反抗

2.biodegradation n. 生物降解

3.aggravate vt. 加重;使恶化

4.urbanization n. 都市化;

5.deleterious effects 有害的影响

6.nonbiodegradable adj. 无法生物降解的

7.soil erosion 水土流失;[土壤] 土壤侵蚀

8.entangle vt. 使纠缠;卷入;使混乱

9.plastic debris 塑料碎片

10.digestive tract 消化道

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