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雅思大作文范文:拆除老房子建造新建筑

2022-11-20 18:35:14来源:网络综合整理 柯林斯词典

新东方在线雅思为同学们整理了雅思大作文范文之拆除老房子建造新建筑,供考生参考学习。

雅思大作文题目:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Too much money is wasted on repairing old buildings that should be used to knock them down and build new ones.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

【话题分类】

建筑规划、公共政策

【题目解析】

题目大意:维修老旧建筑过于浪费资金,应该拆除改建新楼。

题型特点:本题属于同意与否题型。考生须对话题中的观点展开讨论,并表明作者自己的立场。

本文结构:开头段引入话题和表明立场、两个主体段分别对不同的老旧建筑类型是否值得保存展开讨论,结尾重申个人立场。

【难点】本题话题并不难理解。但构思过过程应该注意将话题相关概念(例如古旧建筑有不同类型、是否值得修缮可能有差异)作具体化处理,避免得出过于绝对的结论。

【写作思路】

开头段:按照现代标准,古老陈旧的市政厅、豪宅和购物场所的空间利用率可能太低,而且往往维护费用昂贵。因此有批评者认为,与其投放财政资源维护它们,还不如建设新的、设计更好的建筑,以满足当今社区和企业的需求。这种做法是否是合理呢?

主体段1:维护古旧建筑——特别是确立为遗产的建筑——可能有益处。主要原因是这里通常举办过宗教、政治或文化活动,作为历史见证值得留意。在导游带领下在这里走一圈,特别在精心维护以反映其原始状态的建筑里走一圈,本身就可以是身临其境的体验,给当地人和游客与过去联系的感觉,这更证明了保护工作的价值。这些历史遗迹的另一个贡献来自经济方面。其珍贵建材、外墙装潢和不同寻常的玻璃窗户带来美感,常常令建筑成为上镜、热门的旅游目的地,成为本地政府和企业的主要财政来源。

主体段2:其他过时的建筑价值要小得多,因此应该推倒重建。人们最常提及的原因是面对近几十年来人口的指数式增长,城市空间稀缺。由于建筑设计和施工水平提高,可以通过高层建筑群解决住宅和商业需求,这种方法已被证明更具成本效益。我们也应该认识到,许多老建筑只是过得去的功能空间,远远不是经得起时间考验的建筑工艺典范。经过多年重度使用,结构完整性和功能自然会大不如前,而临时修补成本太高,无法持续。

结尾段:总的来说,不是所有老建筑维护和修复,都值得投入大量资金。在部分具有历史和文化意义的地点,这样做具有合理性;但现代建筑在各方面具有优越性,没有必要保留其他有潜在危险的住房和商业楼房。

【参考范文】

Archaic, obsolete town halls, mansions and shopping can be space-inefficient by modern standards and often expensive to maintain. Some critics, therefore, argue that such financial commitments should instead be made for the construction of new, better-designed buildings to meet the needs of present-day communities and businesses. Is this the right approach?

Preservation of certain out-of-date buildings, especially those recognized as heritage sites, can be beneficial. The primary reason is that these structures, often where religious, political or cultural events have been hosted, are notable testimony to history. A guided walk through them, especially those carefully maintained to reflect their original state, can be an immersive experience itself and give locals and tourists a sense of connection to the past, which more than justifies the conservation efforts. Another contribution of these historical sites is economic. The aesthetic appeal of their valuable materials, decorative facades and unusual glasswork means these buildings often serve as photogenic, popular tourist destinations, a major financial source for local councils and businesses.

Other out-of-date buildings are far less valuable and should therefore give way to redevelopment. The most cited reason is the scarcity of urban space to accommodate the exponential population growth in recent decades. Owing to advances in architectural design and construction, high-rise complexes have been shown to be a more cost-effective solution to residential and commercial needs. It should also be recognized that many old buildings, intended as good-enough functional spaces, were far from future-proofed exemplars of architectural craftsmanship. It is not surprising that after years of heavy use, their structural integrity and functionality can deteriorate substantially while ad hoc repair can be too costly to be sustainable.

In general, it is difficult to argue that all old buildings deserve substantial financial support for maintenance and restoration. Although it is justifiable to do so in the case of selected sites with historical and cultural significance, there is just no point in retaining the rest, potentially dangerous housing and commercial buildings, when modern structures are clearly superior in many ways.

(334 words)

【语言积累】

1.space-inefficient by modern standards 按照现代标准来看对空间利用不足

2.make financial commitments 承诺投放财政资源

3.heritage sites遗址

4.a sense of connection to the past 与过去的关联感

5.aesthetic appeal 美感

6.valuable materials, decorative facades and unusual glasswork 贵重建材、外墙装饰、独特窗花

7.photogenic, popular tourist destinations 上镜的旅游胜地

8.scarcity of urban space 城市空间稀缺

9.future-proofed exemplars of architectural craftsmanship 经得起时间考验的建筑工艺典范

10.structural integrity and functionality 结构完整性和功能性

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