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2018年雅思听力备考资料整理(10)

2018-06-14 10:03:55 来源:网络雅思资料下载

  新东方在线雅思网为大家带来了2018年雅思听力备考资料整理(10)。希望以下内容能够为同学们的雅思备考提供帮助。新东方在线雅思网将第一时间为大家发布最新、最全、最专业的雅思报名官网消息和雅思考试真题及解析,供大家参考。

  Available[ə'veɪləbəl]

  释义 •adj. (of things) that can be used or obtained 可用的,可得到的;(of people) free to be seen, talked to, etc. 可会见的,可与之交谈的

  同义 to be availed of, to be turned to account; profitable, serviceable,useful

  派生 avail v. 利用,有用于…… availability n. 可获得性

  例句 •I’m afraid this service is only available to full-time students. (IELTS7,T3,L1) 恐怕只有全日制学生才能享受这一服务。

  Insurance [ɪn'ʃʊərəns]

  释义 •n. (contract made by a company or society, or by the state, to provide a) guarantee of compensation for loss, damage, sickness, death,etc. in return for regular payment 保险;the business of providing such contracts 保险业;money paid by or to an insurance company 保险费

  词根 •in( 使)+sure( 安全的) →使安全→保证

  派生 •insure v. 保证,确保;为……上保险,投保 insurer n.承保人,保险公司

  例句 •If you haven’t organised an annual insurance policy of your own, you’ll need to take out the low-cost cover we offer and we require that you arrange this when you make your holiday reservation.

  (IELTS7,T1,L2) 如果你没有年度保险计划,那么你需要购买我们提供的低成本保险,并且你要在假期预定时作出安排。

  System43[ˈsɪs.təm]

  Affect29[ə'fekt]

  释义 •v. to have an influence on (sb./sth.); to produce an effect on 影响;to cause (sb.) to have feelings of sadness or sympathy; to touch 感动;to pretend to have or feel (sth.) 假装

  词根 •af(to)+fect(做)→对某人做……→影响某人

  派生 •affective adj. 情感的,表达感情的 affectation n. 假装,做作 affected adj. 受影响的;受感动的;做作的 affecting adj. 令人感动的,令人怜悯的 affection n. 慈爱,友爱,爱慕

  同义 influence, touch, impress, move

  例句 Is it possible that the external environment can affect a guest’s well-being? (IELTS7,T3,L4) 外部环境有可能会影响客人的安宁吗?

  Postcode['pəʊstkəʊd]

  释义 •n. a group of numbers and letters that you write at the end of an address on an envelope, package etc. the postcode shows the exact area where someone lives and helps the post office deliver the post more quickly 邮政编码

  例句 And do you know your postcode? (IELTS5,T3,L1) 你知道你的邮政编码吗?

  Department[dɪˈpɑːt.mənt]

  Statistics[stə'tɪstɪks]

  释义 •n. a collection of information shown in numbers(一组) 统计数字,统计资料;the science of collecting, classifying and analysing such information 统计学

  派生 •statistical adj. 统计的

  statistician n. 统计学家,统计员

  例句 •As regards specific areas to work on, I’d be quite

  interested to have a few more statistics about the schools in the different zones. (IELTS6,T2,L3) 至于具体的工作领域,我很有兴趣获取更多不同地区学校的统计信息。

  Avenue['ævɪnjuː]

  释义 •n. a wide road or path, often lined with trees, esp. one that

  leads to a large house 林荫大道, 大街;a way of approaching or

  making progress towards sth. 途径,渠道

  例句 Clean coal is another avenue for improving fuel conversion efficiency. (IELTS3,TA,R3) 清洁煤的使用是提高燃料转化效率的另一种途径。

  Analysis18[ˈæn.əl.aɪz]

  Cafe18['kæfɪ]

  Deposit18[dɪ'pɒzɪt]

  释义 •v. to lay or to put sth. down 放下;to put (money) into a bank, esp. to earn interest, etc. 存放;to give (sth. valuable or important) to sb. to be kept in a safe place 交与……保管;to pay (sth.)as part of a larger sum, the rest of which is to be paid later 付订金 n. alayer of matter (often deep in the earth) that has accumulated naturally矿床,矿藏;a layer of matter laid down by a liquid, river, etc. 沉淀物;a sum paid into an account, e.g. at a bank 储蓄,存款;the payment of a part of a larger sum, the rest of which is to be paid later 订金,押金,保证金

  词根 •de( 在下方)+posit( 放置) →放在下面→沉淀

  派生 •deposition n. 沉淀物,沉积;作证;免职,废黜

  搭配 •deposit sth. with sb. 把某物寄放在某人处

  例句 •We require you to raise sponsorship money of at least $3,200, paying $250 of it up front as a deposit and the rest in stages throughout the year. (IELTS7,T3,L2)我们要求你筹集至少3200美元的资助款,其中250美元预先支付,剩下的一年内分期支付。

  Register17['redʒɪstə]

  释义 •v. to record your/sb’s/sth’s name on an official list记录;登记,注册;显出;注意到,记住 n. an official list or record of names, items, attendances, etc. 登记(表), 注册(簿);记录器;暖气,调风器

  词根 •re(back)+gister(带来)→再次带来→(学生)登记

  派生 •registrar n. 记录者;登记员;注册主任;高等法院注册官 registration4 n. 注册 registered adj. 登记过的

  例句 •I’d like to register for the full three days. (IELTS6,T4,L1)我想注册三天的全部活动。

  Gallery16 [ˈgælərɪ]

  Garage16 ['ɡærɑːʒ]

  释义 n. a building in which to keep one or more cars, vans, etc. 车库,飞机库;(service station) a roadside petrol station where vehicles can be serviced and repaired 汽车维修站,加油站 v. to put (a motor vehicle) in a garage 把……送入车库

  例句 Those rooms constructed at the front of the houses should be garages. (IELTS3,T4,L4) 建在房子前面的那些屋子应该是车库。

  Reserve16 [rɪ'zɜːv]

  释义 •v. to put aside or keep sth. for a later occasion or special use

  储备某物;to have or keep (a specified power); retain 具有或保持( 某种权利); to order or set aside (seats, accommodation, etc.) for use by a particular person at a future time; book 预订或保留( 座位、住处等);订购 n. the thing put aside or kept for later use; extra amount available when

  needed 贮藏,储备;an area of land reserved esp. as a habitat for nature conservation 保护区;the tendency to avoid showing one’s feelings and appear unsociable to other people; restraint 矜持,拘谨;寡言

  词根 •re(back)+serve( 保持) →保留

  搭配 •reserve…for 替……保留

  without reserve 毫无保留地 in reserve 储存备用

  派生 •reservation n. 保留的座位[ 住处] 等;预订;保留意见,

  保留态度reserved adj. 说话不多的;不苟言笑的;矜持的,含蓄的

  例句 We will go now and have a look at the nature reserve section of the park, which has opened up natural wetland to the public.(IELTS7,T4,L2) 我们现在就出发,去参观公园的自然保护区,该保护区向公众开放自然湿地。

  Sculpture16 ['skʌlptʃə]

  释义 •n. the art of making figures, objects, etc. by carving wood or stone, shaping clay, making metal casts, etc. 雕刻,雕塑;a work or works made in this way 雕刻品 v. to represent (sb./sth.) in sculpture; to make (a sculpture) 雕刻,雕塑

  派生 sculptor n. 雕塑家,雕刻师

  例句 It has some really fascinating paintings and sculptures by leading artists from all over the world. (IELTS8,T3,L2) 它有引人入胜的绘画和雕塑,这些作品来自全世界的顶级艺术家。

  Seminar14[ˈsemɪnɑː]

  Client13[ˈklaɪənt]

  Dissertation13[ˌdɪsə'teɪʃən]

  释义 •n. a long essay on a particular subject, esp. one written for a doctorate or similar degree; thesis 专题论文,学位论文

  例句 •Hello, Sandy! How have you been getting on with your dissertation? (IELTS6,T2,L3) 喂,Sandy! 你的学位论文写得怎样了?

  Install13[ɪnˈstɔː]

  License13[ˈlaɪsns]

  Surname13['sɜːneɪm]

  释义 •n. a name shared by all the members of a family 姓(在英语中一般位于最后)

  词根 •sur(在……上)+name(名字)→在名字上面→姓

  例句 •It’s ANNE and her surname is spelt R-E-A. (IELTS3,T3,L3)是Anne,她的姓的拼写是R-E-A。

  Venue13['venjuː]

  释义 •n. a place where people agree to meet, esp. for a sports contest or match (聚集、审判、比赛)地点

  词根 •ven(来)+ue→大家一起来→(聚集的)地点

  例句 With only six performers it’s a small production, which suits the venue well. (IELTS4,T3,L2) 它是只有6位演员的小型作品,用这个会场正合适。

  Arrangement11[əˈreɪndʒmənt]

  Emergency11[ɪˈmɜːdʒənsɪ]

  Interviewee11[ˌɪntəvjuː'iː]

  释义 •n. the person who answers the questions in an interview 被采访人;面试者

  词根 •interview+ee(被……的人)→被采访人

  派生 •interview n. 面试 interviewer n. 采访人,面试官

  例句 •The other requirement is the number of interviewees.

  (IELTS6,T3,L3) 另外一个要求就是面试者的数量。

  Sailing11['seɪlɪŋ]

  Band10[bænd]

  释义 •n. a group of people playing esp. wind instruments 乐队;a thin flat strip, hoop or loop used for fastening things together or for placing round an object to strengthen it 带子;a range of wavelengths within specified limits 波段 v. to put a band on or around (sth.) 用带绑扎

  例句 •At one time the Asiatic lion was living as far west as Greece and they were found from there, in a band that spread east through various countries of the Middle East, all the way to India.

  (IELTS6,T4,L4) 曾经,亚洲狮居住在西部远至希腊一带。人们在那里发现它们成群结队地向东延伸,跨越中东各国,一直到印度。

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