课程咨询

雅思口语新题

回复【G题库】

立即领取

雅思考试之英语口语怎么才能 keep talking?

2021-06-23 15:32:28来源:网络综合整理 柯林斯词典

想一想,一个人说英语用上了所谓的难词,或者只记得不准确的半成品单词(eg.我好像记得是XX意思,不确定是不是这样读的),却一句话都说不利索,难道考官会认为这个人英语说的好?

与其这样,不如用自己熟悉的词汇把自己的意思表达出来。

在口语表达中学生经常展现的一个场景是英语说到一半转换成了中文:XX我不会,XX用英语怎么说?此时的流利度不就大打折扣了吗?我经常和学生说的一句话是: “你的英语口语可能比你想象的好哦,因为我们可以paraphrase。”

这张图是8-4分雅思口语评分标准中的词汇一栏,都有paraphrase,那么什么是paraphrase呢?

\

上图是Cambridge dictionary上的解释,翻译成中文大致是用相对简单的方式去解释某个意思。在我提出这个概念之后,我真的遇到很多学生在我面前展现了paraphrase的能力,应证了我说的话:你的英语口语比你想象的好!

以下例子来自我们的真实课堂:

学生:Do you need to go to different learning centers?

我:Yes, we do. There’re 3 main learning centers in our city.

学生:How do you go from here to another learning center?

我:Sometimes by metro, sometimes by taxi if the time is quite limited between 2 classes.

学生:By taxi, then do you get emmm 车费报销?哎呀,老师我不会‘报销’,这个词怎么说?

我:Do you remember what we said before? If there is a word you don’t know how to express, then what do you do?

学生:Oh, paraphrase. So does XDF pay for your transportation fee?

我:hahaha. See, that was paraphrase, excellent but unfortunately, no.

相信已经出国读书面对论文的孩子们对这个词plagiarism应该不会陌生,因为教授真是反复强调不能剽窃,XX情况都属于plagiarism。

但是此刻不知道plagiarism这个词又有什么关系呢,毕竟可以paraphrase。最终学生给出的版本是Copying others’ideas is seriously banned. 不就是不准抄别人的观点呗。

当然课堂上还有很多学生的paraphrase的例子,真的很棒,举不完。

既然paraphrase这么好用,那我怎么提高自己paraphrase能力呢?

首先,上述例子都是学生在不知道怎么说的情况下用上了paraphrase,那怎么发现自己不会说呢,那首先得开口说呀,只有开口说了才能注意到某个地方自己不会说,只有注意到了才会去发现某个地方自己不会,不然就是我觉得自己特牛逼全会或者极度不自信我全不会。

在这个对话中,学生就很棒地展现了paraphrase。报销reimbursement这个词不会没关系啦,还不是把这句话表达出来了。

再举一个例子:

学生对我说:老师我想说剽窃是严厉禁止的,但我不会英语中的“剽窃”。

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