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2021年8月21雅思大作文范文:科研应该靠政府还是私企

2021-09-03 16:51:47来源:新东方在线雅思 柯林斯词典

2021年8月21日雅思写作考试已经结束,小编搜集整理了本次雅思写作task2:科研应该靠政府还是私企相关范文,供雅思考生参考。

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by the government rather than private companies.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

【话题分类】

政府类话题

【题目解析】

题目大意:科学研究应该由政府而不是私人公司来进行和控制。你同意还是不同意这个观点。

这个题目是一道老题,和科技发展相关的文章通常会和政府挂钩,比如类似的"政府是否应该对太空探索投入大量资源"。从题目的角度非常好审题,从政府和私人公司做科学实验的角度去分析即可,比如政府有足够的资金和资源主导科学实验,从信息安全的角度会更让人信赖,一些国家利器的科学实验也必须由政府主导,弊端就是有些实验可能进展缓慢,一些小型的科学实验没必要由政府主导;私人公司方面,好处是做的实验更有创新性更贴合市场需要,弊端就是安全性和隐私性不强,信息容易泄露,同时私人公司可能会为利益做出令人无法信服的实验成果。

【写作思路】

开头段: 改写题目,阐述个人立场

主体1段:为什么应该是政府主导科学实验:有充足资金保障实验完成;能够保障实验安全性和隐私性,不侵害国家安全。

主体2段:有些人认为私人公司有进行科学实验的优势,但由于私人公司多是逐利的,进行科学实验的隐患很大。

总阶段: 重申个人观点,科学实验应该由国家来主导和监督。

【参考范文】

Scientific research across the world plays a significant role in national development. Some people think that governments should conduct crucial scientific research rather than private companies. I believe that scientific projects should be carried out and supervised by the state.

There are many benefits of governments taking care of scientific research. Firstly, successful scientific experiments which require years of commitment and sufficient capital can only be guaranteed by the government. If the project fails to achieve its objective, the government has executive power and resources to deal with the losses incurred. Moreover, the government should implement research such as nuclear technology or military intelligence because those activities are in the national interest and involve high levels of secrecy. By contrast, private businesses may compromise principles and leak research findings, posing a severe threat to national security.

On the other hand, private companies can participate in scientific research since they can attract talented scientists and make advances in various fields. Over the past few decades, many private organizations have presided over valuable research on multiple areas such as space exploration or renewable energy sources. However, corporations undertaking scientific research may manipulate results to maximize profits. For example, legislation in medical companies usually requires rigorous trials and decades for new drugs to complete. This process might be too long for profit-driven agencies to go through. Thus, new products tend to be introduced hurriedly just after preliminary trials.

To conclude, I would argue that governments should primarily monitor and control scientific research. With well-regulated and credible methods, the government can minimize the risk of these studies being abused. Private companies should not be deprived of scientific exploitation provided that they are kept within precise limits.

(282 words)

【语言积累】

play a significant role in 在…中起重要作用

years of commitment 多年的投入

sufficient capital 足够的资本

executive power 行政权力

military intelligence 军事情报

in the national interest 为了国家利益

high levels of secrecy 高度保密

compromise principles 在原则上妥协

leak research findings 泄漏研究成果

preside over 主持

manipulate 操作

maximize profits 利润最大化

rigorous trials 严格的试验

preliminary trials 初步试验

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