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2021年9月11雅思大作文范文:大量使用自然资源带来的危害

2021-09-26 12:30:29来源:新东方在线雅思 柯林斯词典

2021年9月11日雅思写作考试已经结束,小编搜集整理了本次雅思写作task2:大量使用自然资源带来的危害相关范文,供雅思考生参考。

题目:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

The natural resources such as oil, forests and freshwater are being consumed at an alarming rate. What problems does this cause? How can we solve these problems?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

【话题分类】

环境

【题目解析】

题目大意:自然资源,如石油,森林和水资源,在以惊人的速度被消耗。这会导致什么问题?如何解决这些问题?

【难点】本题的思路展开对考生来说不太难,在词汇方面可能会是短板。环境课题相关的题目不太复杂,通常是如何治理,如何改善。建议考生在考试前针对性的做一些词汇和搭配积累。有条件的话,能把常用的论点写成句子做练习会更好。

【写作思路】
开头段:由于人类对自然资源的长年消耗,人们很久之前就开始这种缺少节制的使用导致的问题。这些问题将需要全世界的共同努力才有希望解决。

主体第一段:论述一系列产生的问题:环境的问题;社会的问题;

主体第二段:提出可能的建议:'节流'-从政策引导,和个人的层面减少消耗;'开源'-积极投入清洁能源和替代能源的开发;

结尾段:总结问题和解决,适当做出呼吁。

【参考范文】
Humanity's growing consumption of natural resources has raised an alarm for the whole world, because the consequences will be devastating for the future of human beings. To resolve this issue, both short-term actions and long-term planning will be required.

Obviously, resource depletion makes the Earth environment suffer from a series of damage, such as loss of forest cover, soil erosion, increased flooding, and drought. These problems all contribute to the change in world climate, leading to further concerns like global warming and extreme weather. Due to these changes, the Earth is now at a critical point where the life of all species is in danger, including human beings. Increasing resource extraction does not just lead to environmental problems, but is also associated with social issues such as human rights violations and poor working conditions. These negative social impacts are most strongly felt in regions with low environmental and social standards, including Africa, Latin America and Asia.

In order to continue to thrive on this planet, the international community should join hands towards a common international objective of how consumption, as well as exploitation, can be reduced. For now, it might be necessary to set a limit on the amount of resources, such as water, that can be used for domestic and industrial purposes. In particular, for the regions with high levels of per-capita resource use, they will need to sharply decrease their resource use in absolute terms. In the long run, renewables, such as solar and wind power, can be explored more and utilized to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels. Companies can, for instance, be trained on lean manufacturing, while consumers sensitized on how to adopt re-use, reducing wastage, and recycling techniques.

In conclusion, if humans continue to excessively consume natural resources, we will possibly find it too late to make any difference one day. The lifestyle of individuals and the conduct of business will need to become more sustainable, with collaborative efforts of governments and the public.

(329 words)

【语言积累】

growing consumption 增长的消耗

raise an alarm for 为…敲响了警钟

devastating adj. 绝望的

short-term actions 短期的行动

long-term planning 长期的计划

depletion n. 消耗,用尽

forest cover 森林覆盖

erosion n. 腐蚀

flooding n. 洪水

drought n. 干旱

extreme weather 极端天气

a critical point 一个关键的时期

resource extraction 资源开发、使用

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