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2021年11月20雅思大作文范文:住城区是解决交通问题最好办法

2021-12-02 17:50:59来源:新东方在线雅思 柯林斯词典

2021年11月20日雅思写作考试已经结束,小编搜集整理了本次雅思写作task2:住城区是解决交通问题最好办法吗相关范文,供雅思考生参考。

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people believe the best way to deal with the problem related to traffic and transportation is to encourage people to live in cities rather than in suburbs and the countryside. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

【话题分类】

社会类

【题目解析】

题目大意:一些人认为解决交通问题的最好方法是鼓励人们住在城市而不是城郊或者农村,你是否同意这个想法?

题型特点:同意与否类题型,需要围绕题目提出自己的看法并给出针对性的理由。

本文推进:开头段引入话题。让步段说明鼓励人们住在城市的确能够一定程度上有效地缩短通勤距离,达到减轻交通问题的目的,主体立论段说明这种方案存在问题,比如会导致城市资源紧张,无法满足过量人口的居住需求,而后提出存在更好的替代方案,比如完善城乡公共交通,并且鼓励人们采取公共交通通勤。结尾重申观点。

【难点】题目讨论的是所提方案是不是BEST,对于这类题型需要围绕最佳与否进行讨论,如果不同意所提方案是最佳方案,建议先行说明所提方案存在其价值,但是也存在不能忽视的问题,并且提出替代性的解决方案,以这种结构进行讨论。

【写作思路】

开头段:随着越来越多的人口分散在城市和城郊,随之而来的交通运输问题也引发了极大的社会关注。有些人认为鼓励城郊居民搬到城市居住能够有效地解决问题,而从我的角度上来说,这并不是最好的解决方案。

让步段:诚然,这个提议能够一定程度上缓解交通运输问题,因为执行该政策能够有效地减少交通量从而解决拥堵问题。众所周知,目前有大量员工居住在城郊区域而在城市中心区域工作,在这种情况下,搬移到城市区域意味着高峰时期更短的通勤距离。因此他们会更多地利用公共交通替代私家车出行,从而交通量能够减少。

主体段:但是,这个解决方案忽视了城市的容纳能力,无法长期执行。因为鼓励大量的城郊人口搬移到城市,需要提供完善的基础设施,这对于已经非常密集的城市区域是一个很大的挑战。一旦基础设施没有满足要求,那么城市,包括那些曾经被看作是解决交通问题的救星的公共交通设施,都会变得非常拥挤,在长期来说极容易导致混乱以及突发情况。

主体段:相反,有很多其他可行的替代方案可以解决问题,其中,加强城乡公共交通设施建设就是一个有代表性的方案。公共交通的方便性和可靠性能够让住在城郊区域的人们不再那么依赖自己的私家车,这能够有力解决交通问题。

结尾段:总的来说,依赖于城郊人口向城市转移来解决交通运输问题并不是最明智的决定,为了根本上解决问题,有更多实际因素需要考虑在内。

【参考范文】

With the increasingly booming populations scattered around cities and suburbs, traffic and transportation problems have aroused great public concern. Some people suppose that to encourage suburban and rural residents to relocate to cities can significantly address the issue, which, from my perspective, is not the best solution.

Admittedly, the proposal can, to some extent, alleviate traffic and transportation problems since the implementation of this policy is likely to effectively cut down the traffic load and therefore deal with congestion issues. As is known to all, currently there exist a huge number of employees living in rural and country areas while working in central areas of cities, under which circumstance, the shift to urban areas means shorter commuting distances during rush hours. In this case, chances are that the public transportation can be taken good use of to replace private vehicles and as a consequence, traffic will be reduced.

However, the solution is too short-sighted, which ignores the accommodation capacity of cities and can hardly be carried out for a long period. Considering that to encourage a large number of rural population to move to cities requires well-equipped infrastructure to be supplied for the swarming immigrants, this poses a great challenge to the already dense downtown areas. Once basic facilities have not been improved to satisfy new demands, cities, including those public means of transport, which have ever been regarded as the savior for traffic congestion, will become extremely crowded, easily resulting in chaos and even emergencies in the long run.

Instead, there are other feasible alternatives to solve traffic and transportation problems, among which strengthening public transits between urban and rural areas is a representative one. The convenience and reliability of developed public transportation play a pivotal role in pushing more people in suburbs or countryside to be less dependent on their own private cars, which is the driving power to address traffic issues.

In conclusion, relying on the population migration from suburban and rural areas to cities to tackle traffic and transportation problems is not the most sensible decision, and more realistic factors need to be taken into account to fundamentally deal with the issue.

(356 words)

【语言积累】

1.booming (adj.) 飞速发展的

2.scatter (v.) 分散

3.arouse (v.) 引起

4.relocate (v.) 迁移

5.address (v.) 处理

6.proposal (n.) 提议

7.alleviate (v.) 减轻

8.implementation (n.) 执行

9.circumstance (n.) 情况

10.shift (n.) 转移

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