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2022年4月23雅思大作文范文:城市划分区域的利弊

2022-04-27 17:04:28来源:新东方在线雅思 柯林斯词典

2022年4月23日雅思写作考试已经结束啦,小编搜集整理了本次雅思写作task2:城市划分区域的利弊相关范文,供雅思考生参考。

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In many cities, planners build shops, schools, offices and homes in specific areas which may be separated from each other.

Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

【话题分类】

社会类

【题目解析】

题目大意:很多城市的规划者将城市分为不同的区域。这一个现象优点是否大于缺点。

这是一个“优劣势”题型中outweigh的题目,故考生需要明确表达“优大于劣”或“劣大于优”的观点,同时使用2:1的方式进行写作。

笔者认为“优大于劣”,故主体段3段,写两个优点和一个缺点。

考生需要注意的是,在让步段中不能写“反驳”,因为一个段落有且只有一个中心。

【写作思路】

Para 1 = 题目改写 + 个人观点(优大于劣)

Para 2 = 优点1

Para 3 = 优点2

Para 4 = 缺点1

Para 5 = 重申观点 + 总结主体3个段中的理由

【参考范文】

Nowadays, planners of a great number of metropolises have designed particular areas to separate shopping malls, educational institutions, office buildings and residential blocks from one another. Personally, I am inclined to the view that the merits of this strategy prevail over the drawbacks.

The major benefit is that functional zoning makes the city layout easier to understand, especially for visitors. Before approaching and travelling around a certain city, visitors normally make an itinerary and strategy. If a clear city map can be referred to, they will get familiar with their destinations easily, thereby having an enjoyable experience and enjoying different facets of the place.

Another advantage is that the use of the infrastructure in an area can be optimised. For example, if housing regions are not scattered in different places within a city, the varied sports facilities constructed in a residential district can serve all people in the neighbourhood who want to participate in exercise at one time. When it comes to maintaining time, related costs can be reduced.

However, the disadvantages of this trend cannot be ignored, one of which is that the clustering of many buildings of the same function in certain areas is likely to generate high volumes of traffic, which leads to frequent traffic congestion in those areas. There are many vehicles gathering in front of a school gate in the early morning and late afternoon when parents drop off and pick up their children to and from classes; thus, heavy traffic jams may be caused.

In conclusion, I would like to iterate that there are more positive outcomes than the negative ones if a city is divided into areas with different functions. After all, people can find it easy to understand a city, and moreover, make the most of infrastructure.

(295 words)

【亮点词汇及短语】

1.metropolis (n.) 大都市

2.separate … from … 把…和…分开

3.educational institutions 学校

4.office buildings 办公楼

5.residential blocks 住宅区

6.functional zoning 功能分区

7.city layout 城市布局

8.make an itinerary 做行程规划

9.infrastructure (n.) 基础设施

10.housing regions 住宅区

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