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2022年5月28雅思大作文范文:人们坚持用私家车原因和减少办法

2022-06-20 15:08:51来源:新东方在线雅思 柯林斯词典

2022年5月28日雅思写作考试已经结束啦,小编搜集整理了本次雅思写作task2人们坚持使用私家车原因和减少办法相关范文,供雅思考生参考。

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Many people continue to use cars and motorcycles even though they know that they are bad for the environment.

Why is this? What can be done to reduce the use of these vehicles?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

【话题分类】

社会生活

【题目解析】

题目大意:许多人即便知道对环境不好,也选择继续使用汽车摩托车等交通工具。为什么会出现这样的情况?可以通过什么方法来减少这些交通工具的使用?

【写作思路】

开头段:引出使用私人交通工具频繁的情况,说明其原因主要是基于生活方式的考虑,并给出要减少私家车使用的主要手段是改善公共交通和绿色出行的条件。

主体第一段:列举私人交通工具使用多的原因:1)多数人出于个人的生活方式需要选择私人交通工具;

主体第二段:原因2)驾驶私家车和私人交通工具的心理因素;

主体第二段:列举可能的解决方案:1)完善城市内的公共交通体系;2)政府和企业提供对绿色出行方式的激励政策;

结尾段:重申个人的观点

【参考范文】

While most people are aware of the environment damage done by using private vehicles, many people still rely on cars and motorcycles on a daily basis. This situation can be explained by the current lifestyle in our society, as well as some psychological considerations. In order to reduce the use of conventionally fueled vehicles, a series of government intervention and support would be needed.

In most cases, the public choose different modes of transportation to suit their lifestyle. The fast pace of living encourages people to go for efficiency as much as they can. In terms of daily commute, people tend to enjoy the convenience and privacy in their own vehicles, instead of enduring the hassle involved in taking buses and trains, Besides, in sparsely populated areas, due to a lack of well-developed public transportation, buying a self-owned vehicle would be essential for travelling prolonged distances.

Psychology is also at work when people decide what to take for their trips. Driving a vehicle is very often considered as a symbol of freedom, in that it provides a sense of having control over life. For some people, car ownership also means an improvement in personal social status and may even be regarded as an advantage in business settings. Another psychological factor is that, despite the awareness of environment protection, individuals would think that their choice of transportation makes little difference in this global matter.

To encourage people to make a change, governments need to continue investing in public transport, in order to make them more comfortable, reachable and faster than they are at the moment. This would hopefully make people consider using buses and subways more, particularly for people having to travel long distances frequently. In addition, the promotion of cycling and carpool system has been proven to be effective. For instance, with government funding and policy support, employers can carry out programs, such as providing cash incentives, to encourage their employees to use green transport more, or to share a vehicle when traveling to the same destination.

In conclusion, the public choose to use cars and motorcycles because of their lifestyle, social belief, and lack of incentive. Public transport and green modes of commuting would need to be more comfortable, available and attractive for people, with collaborative efforts of authorities and employers.

(382 words)

【语言积累】

rely on 依赖于

on a daily basis 每一天

this situation can be explained by … 这个状况的原因是…

psychological consideration 心理考虑,心理因素

conventionally fueled vehicle 传统燃油汽车

intervention n. 干预,干涉

suit their lifestyle 匹配他们的生活方式

the fast pace of living 快节奏的生活

go for 倾心于,选择

endure v. 忍受

hassle n. 麻烦

sparsely populated areas 人口较少的地区

be at work 在起作用

in that 因为

have control over 对…有控制

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