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2021雅思阅读技巧之情态动词

2021-06-08 16:46:34来源:网络综合整理 柯林斯词典

  雅思阅读中,情态动词是经常考查到的一类词,今天新东方在线雅思就带大家来看看雅思阅读技巧中关于情态动词的一些技巧。 

  Part I:单词与短语

  aunt n.姑妈、姨妈、伯母等;actress n.女演员;at least至少;in spite of不管,虽然;appear v.出现,露面;看上去,显得;on the stage在舞台上;a girl of 18 一个18岁的女孩子;in a bright red dress穿着一身鲜红色的衣服;in long black stockings 穿着黑色长袜;wear short socks 穿着短袜;a bright orange-colored dress一件橘黄色的衣服;darling (昵称)宝贝;terrible adj.糟糕的,可怕的;grown up长大的

  Part II:语法学习

  情态动词must与have to

  概念解释:所谓情态动词就是可以表达一定情感色彩的助动词,这里先行介绍的是must与have to。在表示主观上感到必须去做什么事情时,用must;在表示客观上就必须那么做时,用have to。have to的过去时是had to;must的过去时也是had to。must经常用来表示对某种情况的判断。

  示例1:She must be at least 35 years old.(表示判断)

  示例2:Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon.(表示客观上的必须)

  示例3:In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings.(表示主观上的必须)

  示例4:Last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright orange-colored dress.(must的过去时)

  示例5:Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up.(表示判断)

  Part III:综合训练

  My aunt, Jennifer, is an (1 actor). She must (2) at least 35 years old. (3) spite of this, she often (4 appear) (5) the stage (6) a young girl. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon. This time, she will be a girl (7) 17. (8) the play, she must appear (9) a bright red dress and long black stockings. Last year (10) another play, she (11) to wear short socks (12) a bright orange-colored dress. (13) someone ever asked her (14) old she is, she always answers, ‘Darling, it must be terrible to (15) grown up!’

  答案:

  (1) actress; (2) be; (3) In; (4) appears; (5) on; (6) as; (7) of; (8) In; (9) in; (10) in; (11) had; (12) and; (13) When; (14) how; (15) be

  Part IV:句型转换

  将下面句子进行最大程度的合并:

  1. My aunt, Jennifer, is an actress. She must be at least 35 years old. In spite of this, she often appears on the stage as a young girl.

  2. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon. This time, she will be a girl of 17.

  3. In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings. Last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright orange-colored dress.

  4. When someone ever asked her how old she is, she always answers, ‘Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up!’

  答案:

  1. My aunt, Jennifer, is an actress and she must be at least 35 years old, but in spite of this, she often appears on the stage as a young girl.

  2. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon and this time, she will be a girl of 17.

  3. In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings and last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright orange-colored dress.

  4. If anyone ever asked her how old she is, she always answers, ‘Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up!’

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